The Inca civilization is undoubtedly one of the most fascinating ancient civilizations in the world. But are they really an ancient civilization? Let’s take a closer look at their history and culture to answer this question.
Who were the Incas?
The Incas were a pre-Columbian civilization that flourished in the Andean region of South America from the early 13th century until the Spanish conquest in the 16th century. They were known for their advanced knowledge of agriculture, architecture, and engineering, as well as their unique political organization and religious practices.
The Inca Empire
At its peak, the Inca Empire was one of the largest empires in history, stretching over 4,000 kilometers along the Andes Mountains from present-day Colombia to Chile. The empire was divided into four regions, each with its own governor or “Sapa Inca” who reported directly to the emperor.
Religion and Beliefs
The Incas had a complex religious system, which revolved around worshiping various gods and goddesses. They believed that their emperor was a direct descendant of Inti, the sun god, and thus considered him to be divine.
Agriculture and Engineering
The Incas were known for their advanced knowledge of agriculture and engineering. They built large-scale irrigation systems to irrigate their crops on terraced fields situated on steep mountainsides. They also constructed impressive roads and bridges that connected different parts of their empire.
Are they an Ancient Civilization?
Based on their timeline, it is safe to say that they are indeed an ancient civilization. The Inca civilization lasted for approximately three centuries before it was conquered by Spanish explorers in 1533. Although three centuries may not seem very long compared to other ancient civilizations like Egypt or China, it is still long enough to be considered ancient.
The Inca civilization was a remarkable achievement of human civilization, and it is undoubtedly one of the most fascinating ancient civilizations in the world. From their advanced knowledge of agriculture and engineering to their unique political organization and religious practices, the Incas continue to captivate us even today. And while they may not have been as ancient as some other civilizations, they were still an important part of human history that deserves our attention and respect.
- Key Takeaways:
- The Inca civilization lasted from the early 13th century until the Spanish conquest in the 16th century.
- Their empire was one of the largest in history, stretching over 4,000 kilometers along the Andes Mountains from present-day Colombia to Chile.
- The Incas were known for their advanced knowledge of agriculture and engineering.