Did Ancient Egypt Influence Western Civilization?

Ancient Egypt is one of the most fascinating civilizations in human history and has left a lasting impact on the world, especially in Western civilization. From art and architecture to religion and language, Ancient Egypt has influenced many aspects of Western culture.

Art and Architecture:

One of the most significant ways Ancient Egypt influenced Western civilization is through its art and architecture. Egyptian art is known for its use of hieroglyphics, which was a writing system that used pictures instead of words. This writing system was later adopted by Greeks and Romans, who developed their own writing systems based on hieroglyphics.

The monumental architecture of Ancient Egypt has also had a lasting impact on Western civilization. Pyramids, temples, and obelisks were built by the Egyptians with incredible precision and have inspired architects throughout history. The use of columns in Greek architecture is believed to have been influenced by the Egyptians.


Religion played a significant role in Ancient Egyptian society, with gods and goddesses being worshipped as divine beings. The belief in an afterlife was also an essential part of their religious beliefs. These beliefs have had an impact on Western religion, particularly Christianity.

For example, the concept of resurrection in Christianity may have been influenced by the Egyptian belief in life after death. The Virgin Mary’s depiction holding baby Jesus may have also been inspired by Isis holding Horus.

  • Language:
  • The Ancient Egyptians were one of the first civilizations to develop a written language. Their language has had an impact on modern language development as well; for example, many English words come from ancient Egyptian roots such as alcohol (al-kohl), cotton (qutn), and paper (papyrus).

The Legacy Continues:

While Ancient Egypt may seem like a distant civilization from another time period altogether, its influence can still be seen in Western civilization today. For example, the Sphinx and the Pyramids of Giza continue to be popular tourist attractions for people from all over the world.

Additionally, Ancient Egyptian mythology has been a source of inspiration for countless films, books, and art. Many modern-day fashion designers have also been inspired by Egyptian motifs and symbols.


In conclusion, Ancient Egypt has had a significant impact on Western civilization that is still felt today. From art and architecture to religion and language, their influence can be seen throughout history. It is fascinating to see how a civilization that existed thousands of years ago continues to inspire us in so many ways.