Did Ancient Greece Have Volcanoes?

Ancient Greece is known for its rich history and mythology. But did you know that the region was also home to several active volcanoes?

Volcanic eruptions have played an important role in shaping the landscape and culture of Greece. Let’s take a closer look at some of the most fascinating facts about volcanoes in Ancient Greece.

First Eruptions

The first volcanic eruptions in Ancient Greece occurred approximately 2 million years ago. The oldest known eruption was from the island of Milos, which is located in the Aegean Sea. Over time, more volcanoes began to appear throughout the region, including Santorini, Methana, Nisyros, and Kythira.

Santorini’s Explosive History

One of the most famous volcanoes in Ancient Greece is Santorini. This volcano has a long and violent history of eruptions that date back to around 1650 BCE.

The most well-known eruption occurred in around 1620 BCE and is believed to have been one of the largest volcanic eruptions in recorded history. It caused widespread destruction across the island and led to the collapse of an entire civilization known as Minoan culture.

The Caldera Today

Today, Santorini is a popular tourist destination that boasts stunning views of its caldera – a large crater formed by past eruptions. Visitors can hike up to the top of the volcano or take a boat tour around the caldera to see its unique geology up close.

Methana’s Submarine Volcano

Methana is another active volcano located on a peninsula near Athens. While it hasn’t had any major eruptions in recent history, it does have an interesting feature – a submarine volcano. This underwater volcano can be seen while scuba diving or snorkeling off Methana’s coast.

Nisyros and Kythira

Nisyros is a small island located in the Aegean Sea that is home to an active volcano. Visitors can hike to the top of the volcano and explore its crater. Kythira, another island in the region, also has a volcanic history dating back millions of years.


In conclusion, Ancient Greece was indeed home to several active volcanoes. These volcanoes have played an important role in shaping the landscape and culture of Greece over millions of years. Today, they continue to attract visitors from around the world who come to see their unique geology and learn more about their explosive history.