Did Jesus Have the Last Supper With His Disciples?

The Last Supper is one of the most significant events in Christianity. It is believed to be the last meal that Jesus Christ shared with his disciples before his crucifixion.

However, there has been some debate among scholars as to whether or not this event actually occurred. In this article, we will explore the evidence and arguments for and against the idea that Jesus had the Last Supper with his disciples.

Arguments for the Last Supper

One of the main pieces of evidence used to support the idea of the Last Supper is found in all four Gospels of the New Testament. Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John all describe a meal that Jesus shared with his disciples shortly before his arrest and subsequent crucifixion. According to these accounts, Jesus broke bread and shared wine with his disciples, telling them that these elements represented his body and blood.

Another argument for the Last Supper comes from historical context. During this time period, it was common for Jewish people to gather together for a Passover meal. The Last Supper is often seen as a continuation of this tradition, with Jesus using traditional foods like bread and wine to convey a new message about his impending death.

Arguments Against the Last Supper

Despite these arguments in favor of the Last Supper, there are some who believe that this event did not actually occur. One major argument against it is based on discrepancies between different accounts of what happened.

For example, in Matthew’s Gospel, Jesus tells his disciples that he will not eat or drink again until he reaches heaven (Matthew 26:29). However, in Luke’s Gospel, he says that he will not eat or drink again until “the kingdom of God comes” (Luke 22:18). These differences have led some scholars to question whether or not these accounts are entirely accurate.

Another argument against the Last Supper is based on the idea that it may have been a later invention by the early Christian church. Some scholars have suggested that the story of the Last Supper was added to the Gospels after Jesus’ death in order to provide a symbolic representation of his sacrificial death and resurrection.


In conclusion, while there is some debate among scholars about whether or not Jesus had the Last Supper with his disciples, there is strong evidence in support of this event. The fact that it is described in all four Gospels and fits within historical context suggests that it did occur. However, discrepancies between different accounts and the possibility of later invention cannot be completely ruled out.

Regardless of whether or not the Last Supper actually happened, its significance within Christianity cannot be denied. This event represents a powerful message about sacrifice, redemption, and love that continues to resonate with believers around the world today.