Did Marriage Exist in Ancient Times?

Marriage is an institution that has existed for centuries and is an integral part of many cultures around the world. But did marriage exist in ancient times?

The answer to this question is not as straightforward as one might think. Let’s explore the history of marriage and find out more.

The Origin of Marriage

The concept of marriage can be traced back to ancient civilizations such as Mesopotamia, Greece, and Rome. In these societies, marriage was primarily a way to establish a legal relationship between two families, rather than a romantic union between two individuals.

Marriage in Mesopotamia

In ancient Mesopotamia, which is now modern-day Iraq, marriage was a legal contract between two families. Women were considered the property of their fathers or husbands and were often married off at a young age. Polygamy was also practiced, allowing men to have multiple wives.

Marriage in Greece

In ancient Greece, marriage was seen as an important duty for both men and women. However, marriages were arranged by the parents rather than being based on love or attraction. The wedding ceremony involved making offerings to the gods and a feast for family and friends.

Marriage in Rome

In ancient Rome, marriage was considered a legal contract between families rather than a romantic relationship. Women were expected to be faithful to their husbands while men could have extramarital affairs without facing any consequences.

Evolution of Marriage

As time passed, the concept of marriage began to evolve. During the Middle Ages in Europe, marriages started becoming more focused on love and companionship rather than just being a legal agreement between families.

During the Renaissance period in Europe, weddings became grander affairs with elaborate ceremonies and celebrations that included music and dance. The idea of romantic love began to take center stage, and couples started getting married for love rather than just convenience.


Marriage has existed in some form or the other for centuries. While it initially served as a legal agreement between families, it has evolved over time to become a union based on love and companionship. Regardless of how it originated, marriage remains an important institution in many cultures around the world.