Did the Ancient Romans Copy Greece?

Did the Ancient Romans Copy Greece?

The relationship between Ancient Rome and Ancient Greece is one of the most fascinating topics in history. It is widely acknowledged that the Romans were heavily influenced by Greek culture, but did they simply copy everything or did they bring something new to the table?

The Influence of Greek Culture

Greek culture had a profound impact on the development of Roman civilization. The Romans admired and respected Greek art, literature, philosophy, and architecture. They recognized the Greeks as highly advanced in these areas and sought to learn from them.

Architecture: One of the most obvious examples of Roman admiration for Greek culture can be seen in their architectural styles. The Romans adopted many elements of Greek architecture such as columns, pediments, and arches. However, they also made significant innovations by introducing new engineering techniques and building larger structures like aqueducts and amphitheaters.

Art: Roman art shows a clear influence from Greek art. Many Roman statues were modeled after famous Greek sculptures. However, the Romans also developed their own distinctive style, characterized by a more realistic portrayal of human figures and a focus on portraiture.

The Romans’ Unique Contributions

While it is true that the Romans borrowed heavily from Greece, they also made important contributions of their own.

Law and Government

The Romans created an extensive legal system that has had a lasting impact on Western civilization. Their legal principles formed the basis for modern law in many countries. Additionally, they developed a sophisticated system of government with checks and balances that influenced later political systems.


Roman engineering was renowned for its innovation and practicality. They constructed impressive roads, aqueducts, and buildings that still stand today. The Romans were also masterful in the construction of bridges, harbors, and military fortifications.

Urban Planning

The Romans introduced a new concept of urban planning. They built cities with well-designed street grids, public spaces, and sanitation systems. This approach to city planning influenced the development of cities throughout Europe.

The Roman-Greek Symbiosis

While the Romans were undoubtedly influenced by Greek culture, it is important to recognize that there was a reciprocal relationship. The Romans adopted many aspects of Greek culture but also made significant contributions of their own. This mutual exchange enriched both civilizations and helped shape the course of Western civilization as we know it.

In Conclusion

The Ancient Romans were not mere copycats of Greece; they were cultural innovators who built upon the foundations laid by the Greeks. While they borrowed heavily from Greek art and architecture, they also made unique contributions in areas such as law, government, engineering, and urban planning. The Roman-Greek symbiosis ultimately created a dynamic cultural landscape that continues to captivate us today.