Does World History Important for UPSC?

World history is a vast subject that encompasses the study of past events, cultures, societies, and civilizations of various regions across the globe. It is a crucial component of the UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) syllabus and plays a significant role in determining the success of aspirants in their civil service examinations.

Why is World History important for UPSC?

The UPSC examination requires aspirants to have an in-depth understanding of global events and their impact on India. World History provides a comprehensive perspective on how different civilizations evolved, interacted, and influenced each other over time. This knowledge helps in understanding the contemporary world and its various issues.

How does World History help in UPSC?

1. Understanding International Relations – The study of World History helps aspirants understand international relations better. It provides insights into global events and diplomatic relations between countries, helping aspirants understand India’s position in the world.

2. Essay Writing – The essay paper in the UPSC examination requires aspirants to write about contemporary issues from different perspectives. Knowledge of World History helps aspirants to analyze these issues from a broader perspective and provide critical insights.

3. General Studies Paper – The General Studies Paper covers various topics like economics, polity, geography, etc., which are interconnected with World History. An understanding of World History helps aspirants connect the dots between these topics and gain an overall perspective.

What are the important topics to cover?

1. Ancient Civilizations – The study of ancient civilizations like Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece, Rome can provide insights into early human settlements and their evolution over time. Medieval Period – The medieval period witnessed significant developments in science, art, literature, religion that shaped modern-day society. Modern Times – The modern era saw significant political upheavals like the French Revolution or wars like World War I & II that had far-reaching consequences.

How to study World History for UPSC?

1. NCERT Books – The NCERT books provide a comprehensive overview of World History and are an excellent starting point for aspirants. Standard Reference Books – Books like ‘History of the Modern World’ by Jain and Mathur, ‘India’s Ancient Past’ by R.S.

Sharma, ‘The Wonder that was India’ by A.L. Basham are standard reference books that provide detailed insights into various aspects of World History.

3. Online Sources – Online sources like ‘BBC History,’ ‘’ can provide additional information and perspectives on various topics.


In conclusion, World History is a crucial component of the UPSC syllabus, and aspirants should pay attention to it while preparing for their civil service examinations. An in-depth understanding of global events and their impact on India can help aspirants gain a broader perspective on contemporary issues and increase their chances of success in the UPSC examination.