How Big Was Ancient Greece?

Ancient Greece was one of the most influential civilizations in human history, and its impact can still be felt today in modern society. But just how big was ancient Greece? Let’s take a closer look.

Geography of Ancient Greece

Firstly, it’s important to understand the geography of ancient Greece. The region was located in southeastern Europe, with the Aegean Sea to the east and the Ionian Sea to the west. The mainland consisted of a mountainous peninsula that was surrounded by numerous islands, including Crete, Rhodes, and Cyprus.

The Size of Ancient Greece

In terms of land area, ancient Greece was relatively small compared to other civilizations such as Rome or Persia. The total land area of ancient Greece was approximately 131,957 square kilometers (50,949 square miles), which is roughly equivalent to the size of modern-day Alabama in the United States.

However, despite its small size, ancient Greece had a significant impact on world history due to its cultural and intellectual achievements. It is widely regarded as the birthplace of democracy, philosophy, theater, and many other fields.

The Influence of Ancient Greece

The influence of ancient Greece can be seen in many aspects of modern society. For example, the Olympic Games originated in ancient Greece and are still held today every four years. Many concepts from Greek philosophy and literature have also been incorporated into modern Western culture.

Additionally, Greek mythology has had a lasting impact on popular culture around the world. Stories such as those about Odysseus and his epic journey home have been retold countless times in literature and film.


While ancient Greece may have been relatively small in terms of land area compared to other civilizations at its time, its impact on world history cannot be overstated. Its cultural and intellectual achievements continue to influence society today.