How Did Ancient Greece Influence the Art in Rome?

The influence of Ancient Greece on the art in Rome was profound and far-reaching. The Romans were heavily influenced by Greek culture, including their art, which they admired and sought to emulate. This influence can be seen in various aspects of Roman art, such as sculpture, architecture, and painting.


One of the most prominent ways in which Ancient Greece influenced Roman art was through sculpture. The Romans greatly admired Greek sculptures and sought to incorporate their techniques and styles into their own works. They were particularly inspired by the idealized human form depicted in Greek sculptures.

Greek sculptures often depicted gods, goddesses, and mythological figures with idealized proportions and serene expressions. The Romans adopted this approach to sculpting human figures, striving for a sense of balance, harmony, and beauty in their sculptures. This can be seen in famous Roman sculptures such as the statue of Augustus of Prima Porta, which bears striking resemblance to Greek statues of gods.


Ancient Greek architecture also had a significant impact on Roman art. The Romans were captivated by the grandeur and elegance of Greek temples and buildings, leading them to adopt many Greek architectural elements in their own structures.

Greek architecture was characterized by its use of columns, such as the Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian orders. The Romans incorporated these column styles into their buildings, creating stunning architectural marvels like the Pantheon. This Roman temple features a combination of Greek elements, such as its portico with Corinthian columns, along with distinct Roman innovations.


Ancient Greek painting also had an influence on Roman art; however, due to the perishable nature of paint, few examples have survived to the present day. Despite this, we know that the Romans admired and sought to imitate Greek painting techniques.

Greek paintings often depicted mythological scenes and relied on a sense of perspective and depth. The Romans adopted these techniques in their own paintings, using them to create realistic and immersive artworks. Unfortunately, most Roman paintings have been lost over time, but we can still see glimpses of their influence through surviving frescoes, such as those found in Pompeii.

In Conclusion

Ancient Greece had a profound influence on Roman art. The Romans admired Greek sculptures for their idealized depictions of the human form and incorporated these techniques into their own works.

They also drew inspiration from Greek architecture, incorporating column styles into their buildings. Additionally, Greek painting techniques influenced Roman art and contributed to the development of realistic and immersive artworks. The influence of Ancient Greece on Roman art can still be seen today in the numerous surviving sculptures, buildings, and frescoes that showcase this enduring legacy.