How Did Ancient Greece Start?

Ancient Greece is known for its rich history and culture that has influenced the world in various ways. The civilization of Ancient Greece began around 800 BC and lasted until around 146 BC. This period is often referred to as the Classical Era of Greek history, which saw the rise of great thinkers, philosophers, and artists.

The Early Days of Ancient Greece

The earliest evidence of human habitation in Greece dates back to the Paleolithic era, around 11,000 BC. During this time, people were nomadic hunters and gatherers who lived in caves and simple huts made from tree branches and animal skins.

By 3,000 BC, the Neolithic era had begun in Greece. People started to settle down permanently in small villages and began agricultural practices like farming and animal husbandry. This led to an increase in population density and the development of more complex societies.

The Bronze Age

Around 2,000 BC, the Bronze Age began in Ancient Greece. This era is characterized by the use of bronze for tools and weapons. It also saw the rise of large city-states like Mycenae that were ruled by powerful kings.

During this time, the Greeks developed a writing system known as Linear B. It was used primarily for accounting purposes but also contained some historical records.

The Archaic Period

Around 800 BC, Ancient Greece entered a new period known as the Archaic Period. It was during this time that Greeks began to develop their own unique culture and traditions.

The Archaic Period saw the rise of city-states like Athens and Sparta that were governed by different systems of government. Athens was a democracy while Sparta was an oligarchy.

The Greeks also began to engage in trade with other civilizations like Egypt and Phoenicia during this time. This resulted in an exchange of ideas and cultures that influenced Greek society greatly.

The Classical Period

The Classical Period of Ancient Greece is considered by many to be the zenith of Greek civilization. It began around 480 BC and lasted until 323 BC.

During this time, Greece saw the rise of great thinkers like Plato, Aristotle, and Socrates who made significant contributions to philosophy and science. It also saw the emergence of great artists like Phidias, who created the famous statue of Zeus at Olympia.

The Greeks also engaged in a series of wars with Persia during this period. The most famous of these was the Battle of Marathon in 490 BC, where the Greeks defeated a much larger Persian army.

The Hellenistic Period

After the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC, Ancient Greece entered a new period known as the Hellenistic Period. This era was characterized by the spread of Greek culture throughout Asia and Europe.

During this time, cities like Alexandria in Egypt became centers for learning and culture. The Greeks also made significant advances in fields like mathematics, astronomy, and medicine.

In conclusion, Ancient Greece started as a small collection of villages around 11,000 BC and evolved into a powerful civilization that had a lasting impact on world history. The culture and traditions developed during this time continue to inspire people around the world today.