How Did Architecture Start in Ancient Times?

Architecture is all around us, from the towering skyscrapers of modern cities to the ancient ruins of civilizations long gone. But have you ever wondered how architecture began in ancient times? In this article, we will explore the origins of architecture and how it has evolved throughout history.

The Beginning of Architecture

Architectural design can be traced back to the earliest human settlements, where people built shelters from natural materials such as wood and stone. These structures were basic and served a simple purpose – to protect people from the elements and predators.

As human societies began to develop and grow, so did their need for more complex structures. This led to the emergence of organized architecture, with skilled craftsmen and builders creating larger, more intricate buildings.

The Birth of Civilization

The beginning of civilization marked a significant turning point in architectural history. In ancient Mesopotamia, for example, people began constructing monumental structures such as ziggurats – towering temples made from sun-dried bricks.

In Egypt, pyramids were built as tombs for pharaohs and their consorts. These massive structures required incredible engineering feats to construct and are still standing today as a testament to the skill and ingenuity of ancient builders.

Ancient Greece

The Greeks took architecture to new heights with their famous temples dedicated to their gods. The Parthenon in Athens is one such example that still stands today as an impressive feat of engineering and design.

Greek architecture was characterized by its use of columns – tall vertical supports that held up the roof. The three main types were Doric (simple), Ionic (decorative), and Corinthian (elaborate).

Roman Architecture

The Romans continued the Greek tradition but added their own innovations such as arches, vaults, and domes. They also built impressive public works such as aqueducts and roads, which allowed for the growth of their empire.

One of the most famous examples of Roman architecture is the Colosseum in Rome – a massive arena used for gladiatorial contests and other public spectacles.


Architecture has come a long way since its humble beginnings in ancient times. From simple shelters to towering skyscrapers, it has evolved to meet the needs and desires of human societies throughout history.

By studying the architecture of ancient civilizations, we can gain a greater appreciation for the skill and ingenuity of our ancestors. And who knows – perhaps we can even learn something that will help us build better structures in the future.

  • Key Takeaways:
  • Architecture began with simple shelters made from natural materials.
  • The birth of civilization marked a turning point in architectural history.
  • Greek architecture was characterized by its use of columns.
  • Roman architecture added innovations such as arches, vaults, and domes.

So, this is how Architecture started in Ancient Times. We hope this article has been informative and insightful. Stay tuned for more interesting articles on various topics related to architecture!