How Did India Contribute to World History?

India, a land of ancient civilization, has contributed immensely to the world history. From the invention of the zero to the discovery of Ayurveda, India’s contribution to the world is immense and diverse. In this article, we will delve into some of the significant contributions that India made to world history.

The Birthplace of Hinduism and Buddhism

India is home to two of the world’s oldest religions – Hinduism and Buddhism. Hinduism dates back to more than 4000 years ago and is one of the most widely practiced religions in the world today.

It is a religion that emphasizes on dharma or righteousness, karma or action, and moksha or liberation. Buddhism originated in India around 2500 years ago and spread across Asia. It is based on the teachings of Gautama Buddha, who was born in Lumbini, Nepal.

The Discovery of Zero

One of the most significant contributions that India has made to mathematics is the discovery of zero. It is believed that Aryabhata, an Indian mathematician who lived around 500 CE, was one of the first mathematicians to use zero as a number. Zero was then introduced into Europe by Arab mathematicians.

The Invention of Ayurveda

Ayurveda, an ancient system of medicine that originated in India more than 5000 years ago, is still widely practiced today. The word Ayurveda means “the science of life,” and it emphasizes on achieving balance between body, mind, and spirit through natural remedies like herbs and massage therapy.

The Indus Valley Civilization

The Indus Valley Civilization is considered one of the oldest civilizations in the world and existed between 2600 BCE and 1900 BCE. The civilization had advanced techniques for building houses with proper drainage systems. They were also able to create cotton clothing using advanced spinning and weaving techniques.

The Art of Yoga

Yoga, a physical, mental, and spiritual practice that originated in India more than 5000 years ago, is now practiced worldwide. It is believed that the earliest references to yoga were made in the Rigveda, an ancient Hindu scripture.


India’s contribution to world history is vast and diverse. From the invention of zero to the discovery of Ayurveda, India has left an indelible mark on the world. Its rich history and culture continue to inspire people across the globe.