How Did Jesus Tell the Disciples to Pray?

Jesus Christ is one of the most influential figures in history, and his teachings continue to inspire and guide people all over the world. One of his most well-known teachings is the Lord’s Prayer, which he taught to his disciples as a model for how to pray. In this article, we will explore how Jesus told his disciples to pray and what we can learn from this timeless prayer.

The Lord’s Prayer

The Lord’s Prayer is found in both Matthew 6:9-13 and Luke 11:2-4. It begins with the words “Our Father in heaven” and ends with “deliver us from evil.” In between these bookends are six petitions that cover a range of topics, including honoring God’s name, asking for daily bread, forgiveness of sins, and protection from temptation.

The Opening Address

The opening address of the Lord’s Prayer sets the tone for the entire prayer. By addressing God as “Our Father,” Jesus emphasizes that we have a personal relationship with God and that he cares for us as a loving father cares for his children. The phrase “in heaven” reminds us that God is holy and transcendent, beyond our understanding or comprehension.

The Six Petitions

The six petitions of the Lord’s Prayer are:

1. Hallowed be thy name – This petition asks that God’s name be honored and respected throughout the world.

2. Thy kingdom come – This petition asks that God’s reign be established on earth and that justice and righteousness prevail.

3. Thy will be done – This petition asks that God’s will be done on earth as it is in heaven.

4. Give us this day our daily bread – This petition asks for our basic needs to be met by God.

5. Forgive us our debts – This petition asks for forgiveness of sins committed against God.

6. Lead us not into temptation but deliver us from evil – This petition asks for protection from temptation and evil.

The Structure of the Lord’s Prayer

The Lord’s Prayer is structured in a way that emphasizes the importance of putting God’s will first. The first three petitions focus on honoring God, seeking his reign, and obeying his will. The final three petitions address our needs and concerns, but only after we have acknowledged God’s sovereignty.

The Significance of the Lord’s Prayer

The Lord’s Prayer is significant because it teaches us how to pray. It shows us that prayer is not just about asking for what we want, but about seeking God’s will and aligning our desires with his. It also emphasizes the importance of forgiveness and humility, reminding us that we are all sinners in need of grace.


In conclusion, the Lord’s Prayer is a powerful model for how to pray. It teaches us to approach God with reverence and respect, acknowledging his holiness and sovereignty.

It also reminds us to seek God’s will above our own desires and to ask for forgiveness with humility. By following Jesus’ example, we can deepen our relationship with God and experience the power of prayer in our lives.