How Did Men in Ancient Greece Wear Their Hair?

Men’s hairstyles have always been a reflection of the times. In ancient Greece, hair was an important part of a man’s appearance and was often styled in a way that conveyed social status, occupation, and personal taste. Let’s delve into the fascinating world of men’s hairstyles in ancient Greece.

Hair Length and Styles

In ancient Greece, the length of a man’s hair varied depending on factors such as age, social status, and profession. Generally speaking, long hair was associated with youthfulness and was more common among younger men.

For example:

  • Kouros: Young unmarried men known as kouroi typically had long hair that flowed freely down their backs.
  • Ephēbos: As they transitioned into adulthood, young men called ephēboi would cut their hair shorter, typically to shoulder length or above.

However, it is important to note that not all men in ancient Greece had long hair. Some professions required shorter hairstyles for practical reasons.

Short Hair for Practicality


Athletes engaged in physical activities such as sports or combat needed short hair to prevent it from interfering with their performance. The Olympic Games held in ancient Greece were a prime example of this. Athletes would shave or trim their heads as a symbol of dedication to their sport.


Military personnel also maintained shorter hairstyles for practical reasons. Short hair made it easier to wear helmets and reduced the risk of enemies grabbing hold of their hair during battle.

Hair Accessories

Ancient Greek men also used various accessories to enhance their hairstyles and express their personal style.


Headbands, known as “stephanos,” were a popular accessory among men in ancient Greece. These headbands were often made of woven leaves, flowers, or ribbons and were worn to denote social status or achievements.


Fillets, also known as “taenia,” were another common hair accessory. These narrow bands were made of fabric or leather and would be tied around the head to keep the hair in place.


In ancient Greece, men’s hairstyles played a significant role in defining their identity and social standing. Whether it was the flowing locks of a young kouros or the practical short hair of an athlete or soldier, hairstyles conveyed messages about age, occupation, and personal taste.

The use of hair accessories further added to the visual appeal and individuality of these hairstyles. Headbands and fillets allowed men to express their style while also adhering to societal norms.

By understanding how men in ancient Greece wore their hair, we gain insight into the importance they placed on appearance and self-expression. It serves as a reminder that even thousands of years ago, hairstyles played a vital role in defining one’s identity.