How Did People Farm in Ancient Times?

Farming has been a crucial part of human civilization since ancient times. From the earliest days of agriculture, people have relied on various techniques and tools to cultivate crops and raise animals. In this article, we will explore the fascinating world of ancient farming and how people used to farm in those times.


In ancient times, farming was vastly different from modern methods. People had to rely on manual labor and basic tools to cultivate the land. Despite these limitations, ancient farmers were able to achieve impressive results and sustain their communities through agriculture.

Tools Used in Ancient Farming

Ancient farmers used a variety of tools to work the land. These included plows, oxen, sickles, hoes, and shovels.

The plow was one of the most important tools used in ancient farming. It was typically drawn by oxen or other large animals and used to till the soil before planting.

Sickles were used for harvesting crops like wheat and barley. They had a curved blade that could cut through the stalks with ease. Hoes were used for weeding and breaking up clumps of soil, while shovels were used for digging holes or moving soil from one place to another.

Crops Grown in Ancient Times

Ancient farmers grew a wide variety of crops depending on their location and climate. Some common crops included wheat, barley, rice, corn, beans, lentils, peas, grapes, olives, figs, dates, and many more.

One interesting fact is that crop rotation was already being practiced in ancient times! Farmers would alternate between growing different crops in the same field each year to help maintain soil fertility.

Animal Husbandry

In addition to growing crops, many ancient farmers also raised animals for meat, milk or wool. These animals included cows, sheep, goats, pigs, horses, and chickens. Some ancient farmers even used bees to produce honey.

Raising animals required different skills and tools than growing crops. Farmers had to build shelters for the animals and provide them with food and water. They also had to learn how to breed and care for them.


Farming in ancient times was a challenging but rewarding way of life. People had to rely on their knowledge of the land, basic tools, and manual labor to feed themselves and their communities. Despite these challenges, ancient farmers were able to produce enough food to sustain their populations and lay the foundation for modern agriculture.

If you’re interested in learning more about ancient farming techniques or want to try your hand at some traditional farming practices, there are many resources available online or in your local community. Who knows? You might even discover a new appreciation for the hard work that went into feeding our ancestors!