How Did People Make Bread in Ancient Times?

Bread has been a staple food for humans for thousands of years. It has been a part of our diets since ancient times, and people have been baking bread in various ways for centuries. In this article, we will explore how people made bread in ancient times.

Ancient Bread Making Techniques:

1. Grinding Grain: The first step in making bread is to grind grain into flour.

In ancient times, people used stone tools to grind grain into flour. They would use a large flat rock, known as a quern, to grind the grain into flour. This was a labor-intensive process that required a lot of time and effort.

2. Kneading Dough: Once the flour was ready, it was mixed with water to make dough. Ancient people kneaded the dough by hand or using wooden paddles until it became smooth and elastic.

3. Preparing the Oven: Before baking the bread, the oven had to be prepared. In ancient times, ovens were made of clay or stone and were heated using wood or charcoal.

4. Baking Bread: After the oven was hot enough, loaves of bread were placed inside and baked until they were golden brown.

Ancient Bread Varieties:

There were various kinds of bread that people made in ancient times:

Pita Bread: Pita bread is a type of flatbread that originated in the Middle East over 4,000 years ago. It is made from wheat flour and water and is baked at high temperatures.

Sourdough Bread: Sourdough bread is made from naturally occurring yeast found in the air and on grains. It has been around for thousands of years and was one of the most common types of bread in ancient times.

Focaccia Bread: Focaccia bread originated in Italy over 2,000 years ago. It is a flatbread that is flavored with olive oil, salt, and herbs.

Ancient Bread as a Staple Food:

Bread was a staple food in ancient times and was eaten by people of all classes. It was easy to make, nourishing, and could be stored for long periods of time. Bread was often used as a form of payment and was given as an offering to the gods.


In conclusion, bread has been an important part of human diets for thousands of years. Ancient people used various techniques to make bread, from grinding grain to preparing ovens.

They made different types of bread such as pita bread, sourdough bread, and focaccia bread. Bread was a staple food that was eaten by people from all walks of life and had significant cultural importance.