How Did Pericles Impact Ancient Greece?

Pericles was a prominent figure in Ancient Greece who is often credited with having left a lasting impact on the country’s political and cultural landscape. Born into an aristocratic family in 495 BCE, he rose to power as a statesman and orator in Athens, serving as the city-state’s general during the height of its Golden Age.

Early Life and Career

Pericles was born into one of Athens’ most distinguished families, with his father Xanthippus having played a key role in defeating the Persians at the Battle of Mycale. As a young man, Pericles received an education in philosophy and rhetoric under some of Athens’ most renowned teachers, including Anaxagoras and Damon.

Despite being initially overshadowed by other prominent Athenian politicians such as Themistocles and Cimon, Pericles quickly rose to prominence in the city thanks to his powerful speeches and charismatic personality. He became known for his opposition to Sparta and other rival states, advocating instead for Athens’ dominance over the region.

Impact on Athenian Democracy

Pericles is perhaps best known for his role in shaping Athenian democracy during his time as general. He championed policies that expanded democratic participation among ordinary citizens, including allowing more people to serve on juries and providing stipends for those who served in public office.

He also oversaw major public works projects that helped to beautify Athens and cement its status as a cultural hub. These included the construction of the Parthenon temple atop the Acropolis, which is still regarded as one of Greece’s most iconic landmarks.


Pericles’ impact on Ancient Greece cannot be overstated. His vision for Athenian democracy helped to shape modern political thought, with many of his ideas still influencing political discourse today. His patronage of the arts also had a significant impact on Greek culture, with the works of artists and playwrights such as Sophocles and Euripides still being celebrated for their contributions to Western literature.

In conclusion, Pericles was a visionary leader who played a key role in shaping Ancient Greece’s political and cultural landscape. His legacy lives on to this day, serving as a reminder of the power of great ideas and the importance of leadership in times of crisis.