How Did St Paul View the Resurrection of Jesus?

The resurrection of Jesus Christ is a central tenet of the Christian faith. It is the belief that after his crucifixion, Jesus rose from the dead on the third day, and that this event was witnessed by many of his followers.

St. Paul, one of the most prominent figures in early Christianity, had a significant role in shaping how this event was understood and interpreted by later generations. In this article, we will explore St. Paul’s view on the resurrection of Jesus and its importance for Christian theology.

St. Paul’s Conversion

Before we delve into St. Paul’s view on the resurrection, it’s essential to understand his background. Saul, as he was known before his conversion to Christianity, was a devout Jew who initially persecuted early Christians. However, he experienced a profound conversion on the road to Damascus when he saw a vision of Jesus Christ and became one of Christianity’s most prominent evangelists.

The Resurrection as Historical Fact

St. Paul viewed the resurrection of Jesus as an undeniable historical fact rather than merely a symbolic or metaphorical event. In 1 Corinthians 15:14-15, he writes: “And if Christ has not been raised, then our preaching is in vain and your faith is in vain…we are even found to be misrepresenting God because we testified about God that he raised Christ.”

For St. Paul, if there was no bodily resurrection, then Christianity itself would be meaningless since it would mean that Jesus had not conquered death and sin through his sacrifice on the cross.

Resurrection and Salvation

St. Paul also believed that the resurrection of Jesus was essential for human salvation. In Romans 4:25, he writes: “He [Jesus] was delivered over to death for our sins and was raised to life for our justification.” This verse speaks to the idea that because Jesus was raised from the dead, we too can be saved from our sins and reconciled with God.

The Resurrection of the Body

Another important aspect of St. Paul’s view on the resurrection was the belief in the resurrection of the body. In 1 Corinthians 15:42-44, he writes: “So is it with the resurrection of the dead. What is sown is perishable; what is raised is imperishable…It is sown a natural body; it is raised a spiritual body.”

St. Paul believed that just as Jesus’ physical body was resurrected, so too would our bodies be resurrected and transformed into spiritual bodies that are no longer subject to death and decay.

The Importance of St. Paul’s View

St. Paul’s view on the resurrection of Jesus remains crucial for Christian theology today. It affirms that Christianity is rooted in historical reality rather than abstract ideas or concepts, and it emphasizes the importance of bodily resurrection as a central tenet of Christian faith.

Moreover, St. Paul’s teachings on the resurrection continue to inspire Christians worldwide to live their lives in accordance with Christ’s teachings and to strive for eternal life through faith in him.


In conclusion, St. Paul viewed the resurrection of Jesus as a historical fact that was essential to human salvation and a central tenet of Christian faith. His teachings on this event continue to shape Christian theology today and inspire believers worldwide to live their lives with faith in Christ’s promise of eternal life.