How Did the Citizens of Ancient Greece Live?

How Did the Citizens of Ancient Greece Live?

When we think of Ancient Greece, we often picture grand architecture, philosophical discussions, and epic battles. But have you ever wondered how the citizens of this fascinating civilization lived their daily lives? Let’s take a closer look at their lifestyle and customs.

Family and Household

In Ancient Greece, the family was considered the cornerstone of society. Most families were patriarchal, with the father as the head of the household.

Women played an important role in managing the home and raising children. It was common for extended families to live together under one roof.


Marriage was an essential part of Greek life. Arranged marriages were common, and women typically married in their early teens. Marriage served as a way to strengthen social ties between families and produce legitimate heirs.

Daily Life

A typical day for an ancient Greek citizen began with breakfast, which usually consisted of bread dipped in wine or water. Afterward, men would leave for work or attend public gatherings, while women would tend to household chores such as weaving or spinning.

  • Food:
  • Ancient Greeks had a simple diet consisting mainly of bread, vegetables, olive oil, cheese, fish, and occasionally meat. They believed in moderation and eating in harmony with nature.
  • Clothing:
  • Greek clothing was made from natural fibers like wool or linen. Men wore a tunic called a chiton while women wore a peplos – a loose-fitting garment draped around the body.

Social Life

Socializing played a significant role in ancient Greek society. The Greeks valued intellectual debates, sporting events, and cultural activities.


A popular social gathering among the Greeks was the symposium. It was an occasion for men to discuss politics, philosophy, and enjoy music and entertainment. Wine flowed freely, and participants reclined on couches while engaging in intellectual discussions.

Educational System

The ancient Greeks placed great importance on education and knowledge. While education was primarily reserved for boys, some girls from wealthy families received private tutoring.

  • Schools:
  • Boys attended school from the age of seven to fourteen. They were taught reading, writing, arithmetic, music, physical education, and literature.

    Education aimed to train citizens for active participation in democratic society.

  • Aristotle’s Academy:
  • One of the most famous schools in Ancient Greece was Aristotle’s Academy. It attracted students from all over Greece who came to study philosophy, science, mathematics, and more under Aristotle’s guidance.


Ancient Greek civilization left behind a rich legacy that continues to influence our world today. By understanding how their citizens lived their lives – their family structures, daily routines, social interactions, and focus on education – we gain insight into the values and ideals that shaped this remarkable civilization.

So next time you admire those grand ruins or ponder ancient Greek philosophy, remember that behind it all were real people with vibrant lives.