How Did They Travel in Ancient Greece?

Ancient Greece was a civilization that flourished between the 8th century BC and 6th century AD. During this time, people had to travel for various reasons like trade, warfare, religious festivals, and sports events.

However, with no cars or airplanes, how did they travel? Let’s explore the different modes of transportation in ancient Greece.

Walking and Running

The most common way of traveling in ancient Greece was by foot. Walking and running were essential for daily life, especially for those living in rural areas where animals were scarce. The Greeks had a strong tradition of athletics and regularly participated in running races.


Chariots were used mainly for warfare or racing purposes. They were drawn by horses and usually carried one or two people. The chariot was equipped with wheels that had metal rims to make it more durable on rough terrain.


Horses were commonly used in ancient Greece for transportation, especially by wealthy individuals. They were also used as draft animals in agriculture and industry.


Mules were often used to transport goods over long distances. They are strong animals with the ability to carry heavy loads across difficult terrain.


Seafaring was a significant part of ancient Greek life due to its location near the Aegean Sea. Ships were used for trade, warfare, exploration, and transportation of people and goods across great distances.

Rowing Boats

Rowing boats were small vessels propelled by oarsmen who would row them across shallow waters or rivers.

Sailing Ships

Sailing ships had sails that harnessed the wind’s power to propel them across the sea. These ships could carry larger loads than rowing boats and could travel longer distances.


Ancient Greeks utilized a variety of transportation methods to travel across their land and sea. Whether it was walking, running, riding horses or mules, racing chariots, or sailing on ships, they found ways to get to their destinations. These modes of transportation played a crucial role in shaping Greek civilization’s development and continue to inspire us today.