How Do People Cook in Ancient Times?

Cooking has been a part of human life since the dawn of time. People have always needed to eat, and cooking was the only way to make food safe to consume.

In ancient times, cooking was a very different process than it is today. We will explore how people cooked in ancient times and how it differed from modern-day cooking.

The Beginnings of Cooking

The earliest humans were hunter-gatherers who ate raw food. They would consume fruits, nuts, and berries they found in their environment.

However, they soon discovered that fire could be used not only to keep them warm but also to cook their food. They started roasting meat on open fires and noticed that it tasted better and was easier to digest.

Cooking in Ancient Civilizations

As civilizations developed, so did cooking techniques. In ancient Egypt, cooking was done over open fires or on clay ovens fueled by wood or charcoal. The Egyptians cooked a wide variety of dishes such as bread, beer, meats, stews, and vegetables.

In ancient Greece, cooking was seen as an art form. They used olive oil for cooking and seasoning their food with herbs such as oregano, thyme, and sage. The Greeks also had large communal ovens where bread would be baked for the entire community.

In ancient Rome, cooking was done on charcoal braziers or in clay pots placed over fires. The Romans were known for their love of sauces and spices which they used liberally in their dishes.

Medieval Cooking

During the Middle Ages in Europe, most people cooked over open fires using pots and pans made from iron or copper. Meat was often roasted on spits over an open flame while vegetables were boiled or fried in pans.

In wealthy households or castles, there would be large kitchens with fireplaces big enough to roast whole animals like pigs or sheep. The cooks in these kitchens were highly skilled and would prepare elaborate feasts for their lords and ladies.


In conclusion, cooking has come a long way from its early beginnings. Today, we have access to modern appliances such as ovens, microwaves, and induction cooktops which make the cooking process much easier.

However, it’s important to remember that the techniques used in ancient times have paved the way for modern-day cooking. We owe a debt of gratitude to our ancestors who discovered fire and learned how to cook food.