How Do We Know About Jesus Life and About His Teachings?

When it comes to the life and teachings of Jesus, many people wonder how we know what we do. After all, Jesus lived over 2,000 years ago, and there were no smartphones or social media to document his every move.

So how did we come to know about Jesus’ life and teachings? Let’s take a closer look.

The Bible

The primary source of information about Jesus is the Bible. The Bible is a collection of books written by various authors over hundreds of years.

It contains two main parts: the Old Testament and the New Testament. The New Testament is where we find the stories about Jesus’ life and teachings.

The four Gospels – Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John – are particularly important when it comes to understanding who Jesus was and what he taught. These books describe his birth, ministry, miracles, death, and resurrection.

Historical Records

While the Bible is the primary source of information about Jesus’ life and teachings, it is not the only one. There are also historical records from that time period that provide insight into what was happening in the world during Jesus’ time.

For example, there are writings from Jewish historians such as Josephus that mention Jesus and his followers. Roman historians like Tacitus also wrote about Christians in Rome during the first century AD.

These historical records can help us understand more about the cultural and political context of Jesus’ time on earth.


Archaeology has also provided some insights into Jesus’ life and teachings. For example, excavations in Jerusalem have uncovered artifacts from the time period that help us understand what life was like back then.

There have also been discoveries like the Dead Sea Scrolls – ancient texts that were found in caves near Qumran – which shed light on Jewish beliefs during this time period.


It’s worth noting that there are different interpretations of Jesus’ life and teachings. For example, some Christians believe that everything in the Bible is literally true, while others see it as more of a metaphorical or symbolic representation.

There are also differences in interpretation when it comes to specific teachings. For example, some Christians interpret Jesus’ teachings on forgiveness as requiring them to forgive everyone no matter what, while others believe there are limits to forgiveness in certain situations.


In conclusion, while we may not have smartphones or social media from 2,000 years ago to document Jesus’ life and teachings, we still have access to a wealth of information about him. The Bible is the primary source of information, but historical records and archaeology also provide important insights. Ultimately, our understanding of Jesus’ life and teachings is shaped by interpretation – both our own and that of others.