How Do You HIPP AP World History?

Are you struggling with HIPP analysis in AP World History? Well, worry no more! In this tutorial, we will guide you through the process of HIPP analysis and help you understand how to use it effectively in your essays.

What is HIPP Analysis?

HIPP analysis is a method used by historians and students alike to analyze primary sources. The acronym stands for Historical Context, Intended Audience, Purpose, and Point of View. By analyzing these four elements of a primary source, you can gain a deeper understanding of its meaning and significance.

Historical Context

The first step in HIPP analysis is to consider the historical context in which the source was created. This involves looking at the time period, location, and events that were taking place at the time. Understanding the historical context helps you interpret the source in its proper context.

Example: If you are analyzing a speech by Abraham Lincoln about slavery, it’s important to consider the historical context of the Civil War era and the political climate of that time.

Intended Audience

The next step is to determine who the intended audience was for the source. This can help you understand why certain language or arguments were used.

Example: If you are analyzing a propaganda poster from World War II, it’s important to consider who the intended audience was – soldiers or civilians – as this will affect how persuasive or emotional it may be.


The purpose of a primary source refers to why it was created. Was it meant to inform, persuade, entertain or something else altogether?

Example: If you are analyzing a diary entry from a soldier during World War I, understanding its purpose might reveal more about their personal feelings towards war or help explain their actions on the battlefield.

Point of View

Finally, you must consider the point of view of the author or creator of the source. This involves understanding their perspective, biases, and motivations.

Example: If you are analyzing a political cartoon from the 1800s, understanding the artist’s political affiliation and opinions can help you understand why they drew certain characters or symbols in a certain way.

  • Tips for HIPP Analysis

Here are some tips to help you effectively analyze primary sources using HIPP analysis:

  • Read carefully: Take your time to read and re-read the source carefully. Look for patterns and themes that may emerge.
  • Use outside knowledge: Use your knowledge of history to provide context and background information that may not be explicitly stated in the source.
  • Consider multiple perspectives: Try to think about how different groups or individuals might interpret the same source in different ways.
  • Cite evidence: When writing essays, be sure to cite specific evidence from the source to support your analysis.
  • In Conclusion

    HIPP analysis is an effective method for analyzing primary sources in AP World History. By breaking down a source into its historical context, intended audience, purpose, and point of view, you can gain a deeper understanding of its meaning and significance.

    Remember to read carefully, use outside knowledge, consider multiple perspectives, and cite specific evidence when writing essays. Good luck!