How Does Luke Describe the Early Life of Jesus?

Luke’s Gospel is one of the four canonical gospels that tell the story of Jesus Christ. Luke is the only Gospel writer who provides a detailed account of the early life of Jesus. In this article, we will explore how Luke describes the early life of Jesus.

Birth and childhood

Luke begins his account with the story of the birth of Jesus. He tells us that Mary and Joseph lived in Nazareth, and that Mary was visited by an angel who told her she would give birth to a son who would be called Jesus.

Luke then describes how Mary and Joseph traveled to Bethlehem, where Jesus was born in a manger because there was no room for them in the inn. He tells us that shepherds came to see the newborn baby after being visited by angels.

After this, Luke fast-forwards to when Jesus was 12 years old. He tells us how Mary and Joseph took him to Jerusalem for the Passover festival. While there, Jesus stayed behind in the temple, talking with teachers and amazing them with his knowledge.

John the Baptist

Luke then introduces John the Baptist, who is described as a prophet sent by God to prepare people for the coming of Jesus. John’s message was one of repentance and baptism for forgiveness of sins.

Baptism by John

Luke then describes how Jesus went to be baptized by John in the Jordan River. As he came out of the water, a voice from heaven declared “You are my Son, whom I love; with you I am well pleased.”


After this event, Luke provides an extensive genealogy tracing Jesus’ lineage back through David all the way to Adam.


In conclusion, Luke’s Gospel provides a vivid description of events surrounding the early life of Jesus. Through his narrative style and use of detail, Luke gives readers a glimpse into the world of first-century Palestine and the beginning of the ministry of Jesus.