How Has Africa Contributed to World History?

Africa is a continent rich with history and culture. Despite the misconceptions and stereotypes that often surround it, Africa has made significant contributions to world history in various areas like art, science, technology, politics, religion, and more. In this article, we will explore some of the ways in which Africa has influenced and shaped the world we know today.

Art and Architecture

African art has a long and rich history dating back centuries. From ancient Egyptian sculptures to contemporary African paintings, African art has had a significant impact on global art movements.

One of the most famous examples of African art is the Benin Bronzes, which were created by the Edo people in what is now Nigeria. These intricate brass sculptures were created in the 13th century and are considered to be some of the most exquisite pieces of African art ever produced.

In addition to its artistic contributions, Africa’s architecture has also played a significant role in world history. The Great Pyramids of Egypt are one of the world’s most iconic architectural wonders and remain a testament to the ingenuity and skill of ancient African architects.

Science and Technology

Africa’s contributions to science and technology are often overlooked or ignored by mainstream narratives. However, many important scientific discoveries have been made on the continent throughout history. For example, ancient Egyptians were skilled mathematicians who used complex math equations to build their monumental structures.

In more recent times, African scientists have made significant contributions to fields like medicine and biology. For instance, Nigerian scientist Dr. Adeyemo Adeyemi-Bero developed an anti-malaria drug called “Artemisinin” that has saved countless lives around the world.


The political landscape of Africa has undergone significant changes over time. From ancient kingdoms to modern-day democracies, Africa has played an influential role in shaping global politics.

One noteworthy example is the anti-apartheid movement in South Africa. Led by Nelson Mandela, this movement fought against racial segregation and discrimination and inspired similar movements around the world. Today, South Africa is a democratic nation with a diverse population and a vibrant culture.


Africa has also had a significant impact on world religions. Many of the world’s major religions, including Christianity and Islam, have their roots in Africa. For example, Ethiopia is believed to be one of the earliest Christian nations in the world, with Christianity being introduced to the country in the 4th century AD.

In addition to Christianity and Islam, traditional African religions have also played an important role in shaping African culture and spiritual practices. These religions are characterized by their focus on community, ancestors, and nature.


In conclusion, Africa’s contributions to world history are vast and diverse. From its rich artistic heritage to its scientific discoveries and political movements, Africa has had a profound impact on global culture and society. By recognizing these contributions and celebrating African history and culture, we can gain a deeper appreciation for the richness and diversity of our world.