How Has Ancient Civilization Contributed to Today’s Society?

Throughout history, ancient civilizations have played an integral role in shaping the world we live in today. From advances in technology and medicine to the development of art and literature, the contributions of these societies continue to impact modern life in countless ways. Let’s take a closer look at some of the most significant ways ancient civilization has influenced today’s society.

Advances in Science and Technology

One of the most significant contributions of ancient civilization to modern society is their advancements in science and technology. The ancient Greeks, for example, made significant contributions to mathematics, astronomy, and physics that are still used today.

The Pythagorean theorem, which states that the square of the hypotenuse of a right triangle is equal to the sum of the squares of its other two sides, is just one example. This theorem has important applications in engineering and architecture.

The ancient Egyptians were also pioneers in science and technology. They developed advanced techniques for building structures like pyramids and temples that are still admired for their precision and durability today. In addition, they made important contributions to medicine, including developing treatments for various ailments using herbs and other natural remedies.

Development of Art and Literature

Another significant contribution of ancient civilization is their development of art and literature. The Greeks, for instance, are known for their dramatic plays such as Oedipus Rex by Sophocles and The Iliad by Homer. These works continue to be studied in schools around the world today.

The Egyptians also had a rich artistic tradition that included painting, sculpture, and architecture. Their elaborate tombs were adorned with intricate paintings depicting scenes from daily life as well as religious beliefs.

Creation of Political Systems

Ancient civilizations also played a key role in creating political systems that continue to influence modern society. The Greeks are credited with developing democracy – a system where citizens have a say in how their government is run. This idea of citizen participation in government has been adopted by many countries around the world today.

The ancient Romans also played a significant role in developing political systems that are still used today. They created a system of laws that formed the basis for legal systems in many countries around the world today. They also developed an extensive road network that allowed for trade and communication across vast distances.


In conclusion, the contributions of ancient civilization to modern society are numerous and far-reaching. From science and technology to art and literature, these societies have left their mark on the world in countless ways. By studying their achievements, we can continue to learn from them and apply their knowledge to future advancements.