How Is Ancient Greece Different From Modern Greece?

Ancient Greece and Modern Greece: A Comparison

Greece is a country with a rich history that spans thousands of years. From ancient times to the modern era, Greece has undergone significant changes in its culture, society, and politics. In this article, we will explore the differences between Ancient Greece and Modern Greece.

Ancient Greece

Ancient Greece is the period from around 800 BC to 146 BC when Greek civilization flourished. During this time, Greeks made significant contributions to philosophy, literature, art, and architecture. Ancient Greeks were known for their love of beauty and their pursuit of knowledge.

Political System

Ancient Greece was divided into city-states or polis. Each city-state had its own government system.

The most famous city-states were Athens and Sparta. Athens was known for its democracy while Sparta was known for its militaristic regime.


Religion played an important role in Ancient Greek society. They believed in multiple gods and goddesses who controlled various aspects of life such as love, war, wisdom, and fertility. Temples were built to honor these gods and goddesses.


Ancient Greek art is renowned for its beauty and realism. Sculpture was a popular form of art during this time with famous works such as the Parthenon sculptures in Athens.

Modern Greece

Modern Greece is the period from 1830 to present day after gaining independence from the Ottoman Empire. Modern Greece has undergone significant changes since then.

Political System

Greece is now a parliamentary republic with a president as the head of state and a prime minister as the head of government. The parliament is responsible for making laws and policies.

The majority of Greeks today are Orthodox Christians. Religion still plays a significant role in Greek society with many religious holidays and festivals celebrated throughout the year.

Greek art has evolved to include modern styles such as contemporary art, architecture, and fashion. Famous contemporary Greek artists include Yannis Moralis and Yiannis Tsarouchis.


In conclusion, Ancient Greece and Modern Greece are vastly different in terms of their political systems, religious beliefs, and art styles. Despite these differences, Greece remains a country with a rich cultural heritage that continues to inspire people all over the world.