How Long Did the Ancient Roman Civilization Last?

The Ancient Roman Civilization is one of the most remarkable civilizations in the world’s history. It’s no secret that the Romans left behind an incredible legacy, from their architecture to their language. But how long did this civilization last?

The Beginning of the Roman Civilization

The Roman Civilization began in 753 BC, when the city of Rome was founded. At first, Rome was ruled by kings, but in 509 BC, the Roman Republic was established. The Republic lasted for about 500 years.

The Roman Empire

In 27 BC, Julius Caesar’s adopted son Octavian became the ruler of Rome and declared himself as Augustus Caesar. This marked the beginning of the Roman Empire. The Empire lasted for about 500 years until its fall in 476 AD.

The Golden Age of Rome

During the period between 96 AD and 180 AD, known as Pax Romana (Roman Peace), Rome experienced a time of great prosperity and peace. This period is often referred to as the Golden Age of Rome.

The Decline and Fall of Rome

Despite its great successes over many centuries, like all civilizations, Rome eventually began to decline. Several factors contributed to this decline including political corruption, economic troubles, and invasions by barbarian tribes.

  • In 410 AD, Visigoths sacked Rome.
  • In 455 AD, Vandals sacked Rome again.
  • Finally in 476 AD, Odoacer deposed Emperor Romulus Augustus marking an end to Ancient Rome.


In conclusion, The Ancient Roman Civilization lasted for approximately one thousand years from its foundation in 753 BC until its fall in AD 476. Despite its decline and eventual collapse, it left behind an incredible legacy that has shaped the world we know today. From its architecture and engineering to its language and literature, Rome will always be remembered as one of the greatest civilizations in history.