How Many of Jesus Disciples Wrote Gospels?

The question of how many of Jesus’ disciples wrote gospels is a topic of much debate among scholars and religious enthusiasts alike. While the New Testament includes four canonical gospels – Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John – it is unclear which of these were written by actual followers of Jesus.

The Gospel of Matthew:
Traditionally, the Gospel of Matthew has been attributed to one of Jesus’ disciples, namely Matthew. This claim is supported by the fact that the author was a Jewish tax collector, similar to what we know about Matthew in the Bible. However, some scholars argue that the gospel was actually written by someone else who used Matthew’s name as a pseudonym.

The Gospel of Mark:
The Gospel of Mark is believed to have been written by a man named John Mark who was a disciple of Peter. While Peter was not one of the original twelve disciples, he was considered one of Jesus’ closest followers and served as a leader in the early Christian church.

The Gospel of Luke:
The authorship of the Gospel of Luke is also debated. While it is commonly attributed to Luke – a physician and companion to Paul – some argue that it was actually written by someone else using his name.

The Gospel of John:
Finally, there’s the Gospel of John. This gospel is traditionally attributed to John son of Zebedee, one of Jesus’ twelve disciples. However, some scholars believe that it was actually written by another disciple or even someone outside the circle altogether.

  • So where does this leave us?

While we may never know for sure which gospels were written by actual disciples or associates of Jesus, what we do know is that these texts have played an important role in shaping Christianity as we know it today. Whether or not they were directly authored by those close to Jesus himself doesn’t detract from their value as sources of spiritual guidance and inspiration.

The Importance of the Gospels:

Regardless of who wrote them, the gospels are an essential part of Christian scripture. They provide a firsthand account of Jesus’ life and teachings, as well as insights into the early church and its development. Through these texts, we gain a deeper understanding of what it means to be a follower of Christ and how we can live out his message in our daily lives.


In conclusion, while we may never know with certainty which of Jesus’ disciples wrote the gospels that bear their names, this fact doesn’t diminish their importance or relevance for Christians today. These texts continue to inspire and guide us as we seek to live out our faith in a world that often seems at odds with it.