How Many Times Did Ancient Egypt Go to War?

The ancient civilization of Egypt is known for its rich culture, impressive architecture, and advanced technology. But it’s also known for its military might and battles fought over the centuries.

So, exactly how many times did Ancient Egypt go to war? Let’s explore the history.

Ancient Egypt: A Brief Overview

Egypt was one of the most powerful civilizations in the ancient world. It emerged around 3100 BC and lasted until 30 BC when it was conquered by the Roman Empire. During this long period of time, Ancient Egypt witnessed numerous wars, battles, and conflicts.

The Old Kingdom (2686-2181 BC)

The Old Kingdom was characterized by a strong central government led by a pharaoh who wielded absolute power. During this period, Egypt focused on internal development rather than external expansion. However, there were some conflicts with neighboring regions such as Nubia and Libya.

The First Intermediate Period (2181-2040 BC)

The First Intermediate Period was marked by political disunity and social unrest. The central government weakened, leading to local uprisings and civil wars. During this time, foreign invaders such as the Hyksos took advantage of Egypt’s weakened state and conquered parts of the country.

The Middle Kingdom (2040-1640 BC)

The Middle Kingdom marked a resurgence of Egyptian power and stability after the chaos of the First Intermediate Period. Pharaohs during this period launched campaigns against Nubia to secure resources such as gold, ivory, and ebony.

The Second Intermediate Period (1640-1550 BC)

The Second Intermediate Period was marked by foreign invasions from Hyksos rulers who established their own dynasty in Egypt’s northern region.

The New Kingdom (1550-1077 BC)

The New Kingdom was characterized by a renewed focus on military might and expansion. Pharaohs during this period launched numerous campaigns against neighboring regions such as Nubia, Syria, and Palestine. The most famous of these campaigns was led by Pharaoh Ramses II who fought against the Hittites in the Battle of Kadesh.

The Third Intermediate Period (1077-712 BC)

The Third Intermediate Period marked a decline in Egypt’s power and influence. The country was invaded by several foreign powers such as the Assyrians and Persians.

The Late Period (712-332 BC)

The Late Period marked the end of Ancient Egypt’s independence. The country was conquered by Alexander the Great in 332 BC, marking the end of an era.


In conclusion, Ancient Egypt went to war many times over its long history. From conflicts with neighboring regions to invasions from foreign powers, Egypt’s military history is rich and diverse. Despite facing numerous challenges, Egypt remained one of the most powerful civilizations in the ancient world for centuries.