How Many Years Did Ancient Greece Last?

Ancient Greece is one of the most fascinating and influential civilizations in history. From philosophy to literature, art to science, Ancient Greece has had a profound impact on modern society.

But how long did this incredible civilization last? Let’s take a closer look.

Early Greece

The history of Ancient Greece begins with the Minoans, a Bronze Age civilization that emerged on the island of Crete around 3000 BCE. The Minoans were followed by the Mycenaeans, who dominated much of mainland Greece from around 1600 BCE to 1100 BCE. It was during this period that Homer’s epic poems, the Iliad and the Odyssey, were written.

The Archaic Period

The Archaic Period in Ancient Greece lasted from around 800 BCE to 480 BCE and saw the rise of city-states such as Athens and Sparta. This was a time of great cultural and political change, as well as the development of new forms of art and architecture.

The Classical Period

The Classical Period is perhaps the most well-known era in Ancient Greek history. This period lasted from around 480 BCE to 323 BCE and saw the emergence of some of Greece’s most famous figures, including Plato, Socrates, Aristotle, and Alexander the Great.

The Hellenistic Period

Following Alexander’s death in 323 BCE, his empire was divided into several smaller kingdoms ruled by his generals. This period is known as the Hellenistic Period and lasted until the Roman conquest of Greece in 146 BCE.


So how many years did Ancient Greece last? It depends on how you define “Ancient Greece.”

If we start with the Minoan civilization on Crete around 3000 BCE and end with the Roman conquest in 146 BCE, then Ancient Greece lasted for roughly 2854 years. However, if we focus specifically on the Classical Period, which is often seen as the pinnacle of Ancient Greek civilization, then it lasted for around 157 years from 480 BCE to 323 BCE.

Regardless of how we define it, Ancient Greece remains one of the most important and influential civilizations in history. Its legacy can be seen in everything from our political systems to our literature and art. By understanding its history and culture, we can gain a deeper appreciation for the world around us.