How Was Chocolate Made in Ancient Times?

Chocolate is a delicious treat that has been enjoyed by people for centuries. But have you ever wondered how chocolate was made in ancient times? In this article, we will explore the history of chocolate and how it was made before modern technology.

The History of Chocolate

Chocolate has its roots in Mesoamerica, where the Mayan and Aztec civilizations used cacao beans to make a bitter drink called xocolatl. The drink was considered a luxury item and was often reserved for special occasions.

The Process of Making Chocolate

To make chocolate, the cacao beans were first harvested from the trees. The beans were then fermented to remove their bitterness and enhance their flavor. After fermentation, the beans were dried in the sun.

Once the beans were dry, they were roasted to bring out their flavor even more. The roasted beans were then ground into a paste using a stone grinder called a metate.

Adding Ingredients

After grinding the cacao beans into a paste, other ingredients such as vanilla, chili peppers, and honey were often added to enhance the flavor of the chocolate. The mixture was then heated until it became liquid.

Molding Chocolate

Once the mixture was liquid, it could be molded into shapes using molds made from clay or other materials. These molds could be decorated with intricate designs or symbols that held special meaning to the people making them.


In ancient times, chocolate was made using simple methods and ingredients. It wasn’t until much later that modern technology allowed for more efficient and convenient ways of making chocolate.

However, even today, many people still enjoy making chocolate using traditional methods as a way of connecting with history and tradition. Next time you enjoy a piece of chocolate, take a moment to appreciate its rich history and how it has evolved over time.