Education has been an integral part of society since the beginning of human civilization. The way education was imparted, however, has evolved over time.
In ancient times, education was vastly different from what we know today. Let’s take a closer look at how education was carried out in ancient times.
Education in Ancient Times
Education in ancient Mesopotamia was reserved for the elite class. Boys from noble families were sent to schools called Edubbas where they were taught reading, writing, and mathematics. The curriculum also included religious instruction as religion played a significant role in the lives of Mesopotamians.
The ancient Egyptians believed that education was essential for both boys and girls. Children were educated at home until the age of 7 after which they attended schools called House of Instruction.
Here they learned reading, writing, arithmetic, and music. Higher education was reserved for the elite class who could afford it.
The Greeks believed that education was essential for creating good citizens. Boys received formal education while girls were educated at home by their mothers or female slaves.
Education in Greece focused on physical development along with intellectual development. Students were taught philosophy, mathematics, music, and literature.
In ancient Rome, only boys received formal education while girls were educated at home by their mothers or female slaves. Education focused on preparing students for public life such as politics and military service. The curriculum included subjects like reading, writing, arithmetic, history, and philosophy.
In conclusion, education in ancient times varied greatly depending on the culture and social status of individuals. While some cultures like ancient Egypt believed that both boys and girls should receive an education others like ancient Rome only provided formal education to boys. Nevertheless, education was considered essential for the development of individuals and society as a whole.