How Was Marriage Arranged in Ancient Greece?

In ancient Greece, marriages were typically arranged by the parents or guardians of the bride and groom. These arranged marriages were considered essential for maintaining social order and ensuring the continuation of family lines. Let’s take a closer look at how marriages were arranged in ancient Greece.

The Role of Parents

Parents played a significant role in arranging marriages in ancient Greece. They would actively seek suitable partners for their children, considering factors such as social status, wealth, and family connections. The primary objective was to form alliances between families and maintain or enhance their social standing.


To facilitate the arrangement process, matchmakers were often employed. These intermediaries would help find potential partners who met the criteria set by the parents. They would gather information about eligible individuals from their social networks and present them as potential matches.


Once a suitable partner was identified, an engagement ceremony would take place. The engagement marked the formal agreement between the families to unite their children in marriage. This event was often accompanied by a small celebration or feast.


In addition to arranging the marriage itself, parents of the bride were also responsible for providing a dowry. A dowry consisted of financial assets, property, or other valuable possessions that would be given to the groom upon marriage. The size of the dowry was typically determined by the wealth and social status of the bride’s family.

Wedding Ceremony

The wedding ceremony in ancient Greece was a significant event involving various rituals and traditions.


The wedding procession involved escorting the bride from her home to her future husband’s house. This procession included family members and friends who would accompany her while carrying torches and playing music to ward off evil spirits.

Marriage Vows

During the wedding ceremony, the couple would exchange marriage vows in the presence of witnesses. These vows were a formal declaration of their commitment to each other.

Feast and Celebration

Following the wedding ceremony, a grand feast and celebration would take place. This was an opportunity for family and friends to come together and celebrate the union of the couple.


In ancient Greece, arranged marriages were an integral part of society, serving as a means to maintain social order and strengthen familial ties. Parents played a crucial role in arranging these marriages, often with the assistance of matchmakers. The wedding ceremonies themselves involved various traditions and rituals, symbolizing the union of two individuals and their families.