How Was Pottery Made in Ancient Times?

Pottery has been around for thousands of years and has been an important part of human history. The earliest pottery was made by hand, using simple techniques and basic materials. In this article, we will explore how pottery was made in ancient times.

Materials Used
In ancient times, pottery was made using natural materials that were readily available. The most common materials used were clay and water.

Clay is a type of sedimentary rock that is formed from the breakdown of rocks and minerals over time. It is abundant in many parts of the world and can be found near rivers, lakes, or other bodies of water.

The Process
The process of making pottery in ancient times involved several steps:

Step 1: Gathering the Clay

The first step was to gather the clay from a nearby source. The clay would then be transported to the workshop for processing.

Step 2: Cleaning the Clay

Once the clay was gathered, it was cleaned to remove any impurities such as rocks or twigs.

Step 3: Kneading the Clay

The next step involved kneading the clay to make it more pliable. This process involved working the clay with your hands or feet until it became soft and smooth.

Step 4: Shaping the Clay

After kneading, the clay would be shaped into various forms such as bowls, plates, cups, etc. This was done using various tools such as a potter’s wheel or by hand.

Step 5: Drying and Firing

Once shaped, the pottery would be left to dry in a warm place for several days. After drying, it would be fired in a kiln at high temperatures to make it hard and durable.


In conclusion, pottery making in ancient times was a simple yet time-consuming process that required patience and skill. Although the materials and techniques used have evolved over time, the basic principles of pottery making remain the same. Today, pottery is still an important part of many cultures and is enjoyed by people all over the world for its beauty and functionality.