How Was Wine Made in Ancient Times?

Wine has been a staple beverage for centuries. It has been consumed for its taste and its medicinal properties.

The production of wine has evolved over time, but how was it made in ancient times? Let’s take a look at the process.

The Origins of Wine

The origins of wine can be traced back to ancient civilizations such as the Greeks, Romans, and Egyptians. These civilizations used grapes to make wine and believed that it had healing properties.

Grape Harvesting

The first step in making wine was harvesting the grapes. This was typically done by hand, with workers carefully selecting the ripest grapes from the vines.

Crushing the Grapes

Once the grapes were harvested, they were crushed to release their juice. This was done using either feet or a large stone wheel called a press.


After the juice was extracted, it was placed in large clay jars known as amphorae. The juice would then ferment naturally due to wild yeast present on the grape skins.


After fermentation, the wine was aged for several months or even years in clay jars or wooden barrels. This process helped to mellow out the harsh flavors and create a smoother taste.

The Role of Religion

Religion played a significant role in the production and consumption of wine in ancient times. For example, in ancient Greece, wine was considered sacred and used in religious ceremonies honoring Dionysus, god of wine.

In ancient Rome, wine was also an important part of religious ceremonies as well as daily life. The Romans believed that drinking wine would improve their health and prolong their lives.


In conclusion, wine production has come a long way since ancient times. However, many of the techniques used by our ancestors are still used today.

From grape harvesting to fermentation and aging, the process of making wine has remained relatively unchanged. It’s fascinating to see how this beverage has played a significant role in ancient civilizations and continues to be enjoyed by people worldwide today.