How Was Wine Stored in Ancient Times?

Wine is one of the most popular alcoholic beverages in the world, enjoyed by people of all cultures and backgrounds. But have you ever wondered how our ancestors stored wine in ancient times? In this article, we will explore the fascinating history of wine storage and preservation.

Clay Amphorae – Earliest Method of Wine Storage

The earliest method of storing wine dates back to around 6000 BC when people started using clay amphorae. These large jars were used to store wine and other liquids such as olive oil. The clay material was perfect for preserving the taste and aroma of the wine.

Underground Cellars – A Cooler Environment for Wine Storage

As time passed, people realized that storing wine in a cool environment would help preserve its quality. This led to the creation of underground cellars, which provided a stable temperature for storing wine. The Greeks and Romans were among the first to use underground cellars for storing their wines.

Wine Barrels – A More Convenient Option

In the Middle Ages, wooden barrels became a popular option for storing and transporting wine. The barrels were made from oak wood which provided a unique flavor to the wine as it aged. The shape of the barrel also made it easier to transport over long distances.

The Role of Corks in Wine Storage

Corks have been used as a sealant for bottles since ancient times. They were originally made from tree bark, but today they are made from synthetic materials like plastic. Corks play an important role in preserving the quality of wine by preventing oxygen from entering the bottle.

Modern Wine Storage Techniques

Today, modern technology has revolutionized the way we store and preserve wine. Refrigeration units provide a controlled temperature environment for storing wine at home or in restaurants. Humidity control is also important to prevent corks from drying out and letting air into the bottle.

Wine Cellars – A Luxury Addition to Homes

For wine enthusiasts, a wine cellar is the ultimate luxury addition to their homes. These custom-built rooms provide an ideal environment for storing and aging wine. Temperature and humidity control systems are installed to ensure the perfect conditions for storing wine.


Wine storage has come a long way since the days of clay amphorae. From underground cellars to modern refrigeration units, wine storage techniques have evolved over time to preserve the quality of this beloved beverage. Whether you’re a casual drinker or a serious collector, understanding the history of wine storage can deepen your appreciation for this ancient and noble drink.