How Were Arrows Made in Ancient Times?

Arrows are one of the oldest known weapons used by humans. They were used for hunting, warfare, and even as a means of communication in ancient times. The process of making arrows has evolved over time, but it is interesting to note how these weapons were made in ancient times.

The Materials Used for Making Arrows

The first step in making an arrow was to gather the necessary materials. Ancient people typically used wood, stone, and animal parts such as feathers and sinew. The wood used for arrows was often from trees like willow or birch because they were lightweight and easy to work with.

The Process of Making Arrows

Once the materials were gathered, the process of making arrows began. The first step was to select a suitable piece of wood and cut it down to size using a sharp stone tool. Then the wood was shaped into a cylinder using sandpaper or a similar rough surface.

Adding Arrowheads

The next step was to add an arrowhead. Ancient people used various materials for arrowheads including obsidian (a type of volcanic glass), bone, and metal. The arrowhead was attached to the wooden shaft using animal sinew or glue made from tree sap.

Feathering the Arrow

After attaching the arrowhead, feathers were added to stabilize the flight of the arrow. These feathers were usually taken from birds such as geese or turkeys. They were attached using more sinew or glue.

The Importance of Arrows in Ancient Times

Arrows played a crucial role in ancient times as they were used for hunting animals for food and for protection against enemies during warfare. In some cultures, arrows also had symbolic meaning and were used in religious ceremonies.


In conclusion, making arrows in ancient times required skill and patience. The process involved selecting the right materials, shaping the wooden shaft, adding an arrowhead, and attaching feathers. The end result was a weapon that was effective for hunting and warfare and played an important role in ancient cultures.