How Were Plays Performed in Ancient Greece?

Plays were an integral part of ancient Greek culture, and their performances were a significant source of entertainment for the citizens. The plays were performed in open-air amphitheaters, and the actors wore masks to portray different characters. In this article, we will delve into how plays were performed in ancient Greece.


The amphitheater was the primary venue for plays in ancient Greece. The Greeks built amphitheaters on hillsides to provide a natural slope for seating.

The stage area was at the bottom of the hill, and the audience sat on stone benches that rose upward from it. The acoustics of these amphitheaters were excellent, which made it possible for everyone to hear what was happening on stage.


Only male actors were allowed to perform in Greek plays. They wore masks to represent different characters, which helped the audience identify who they were portraying.

These masks were made of light materials such as linen or cork and had exaggerated features such as large eyes or an over-sized nose. Actors also wore costumes that helped identify their roles.


The chorus was an essential part of Greek plays. It consisted of a group of actors who sang and danced during the performance. They provided commentary on the action taking place on stage and helped move the story forward.


Greek plays often had complex plots that dealt with themes such as love, revenge, or politics. The performances lasted several hours and included multiple acts separated by intermissions. Actors used a combination of dialogue and gestures to convey meaning to the audience.


The stage area was divided into three parts: skene (where actors changed costumes), orchestra (where chorus performed) and proscenium (where actors performed). The skene had doors that opened up onto the stage, providing an entrance for actors.

The orchestra was a circular area at the bottom of the stage where the chorus performed. The proscenium was a raised platform where actors performed.

Special Effects

Greek plays often used special effects such as smoke, fire, and mechanical devices to create dramatic effects. For example, a crane was used to lower actors playing gods onto the stage from above.


In conclusion, plays were an essential part of ancient Greek culture and were performed in amphitheaters with male actors wearing masks to portray different characters. The chorus was an important part of these plays, and special effects were often used to create dramatic effects. These performances lasted several hours and had complex plots dealing with themes such as love, revenge, or politics.