Is Ancient Greece AD or BC?

Ancient Greece is a fascinating period in history that continues to captivate our imagination. One of the common questions that often arises is whether Ancient Greece falls under the AD or BC timeline. In this article, we will explore this topic and shed light on the chronological placement of Ancient Greece.

The Concept of BC and AD

Before delving into the specific era of Ancient Greece, it is important to understand the concept of BC (Before Christ) and AD (Anno Domini). These terms are used to mark historical events based on the birth of Jesus Christ. BC refers to years before his birth, whereas AD designates years after his birth.

Ancient Greece and BC

Ancient Greece existed long before the birth of Jesus Christ, which means it falls under the BC timeline. It flourished from approximately 800 BC to 146 BC, making it a significant civilization that contributed immensely to various fields such as philosophy, art, politics, and literature.

The Archaic Period (800-500 BC)

The Archaic Period marked the beginning of Ancient Greece. During this time, city-states emerged as independent entities with their own governments and laws. It was also a pivotal period for Greek art and culture where advancements were made in sculpture, pottery, and architecture.

The Classical Period (500-336 BC)

The Classical Period is often regarded as the peak of Ancient Greek civilization. This era witnessed remarkable achievements in philosophy by eminent thinkers like Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. The concept of democracy also gained prominence during this time with Athens serving as its epicenter.

The Hellenistic Period (336-146 BC)

The Hellenistic Period occurred after the death of Alexander the Great and saw Greek influence spreading throughout much of the known world. This era witnessed a fusion of Greek, Persian, and Egyptian cultures, resulting in significant advancements in science, mathematics, and literature.

Ancient Greece and AD

As mentioned earlier, Ancient Greece falls under the BC timeline. After the Hellenistic Period, Greece came under Roman rule.

The Roman Empire eventually adopted Christianity as its official religion, leading to the establishment of the Byzantine Empire. However, it is important to note that the Byzantine Empire is distinct from Ancient Greece.


To summarize, Ancient Greece is firmly placed in the BC timeline. It thrived from around 800 BC to 146 BC and made extraordinary contributions to various disciplines that continue to shape our world today.

By understanding the chronological context of Ancient Greece, we can appreciate its significance even more.