Is Harriet Tubman Part of American History?

Harriet Tubman was a remarkable woman who played a crucial role in American history. She was born into slavery in Maryland, but she managed to escape and went on to become one of the most important figures in the fight against slavery.

Early Life

Born in 1822, Tubman grew up on a plantation in Maryland. She was named Araminta Ross at birth, but later changed her name to Harriet Tubman after she escaped from slavery. Tubman’s childhood was filled with hard work and abuse, as she was forced to work in the fields from a young age.

Escape from Slavery

In 1849, Tubman escaped from slavery and made her way to Philadelphia. She later returned to Maryland to help other slaves escape through the Underground Railroad, which was a network of secret routes and safe houses used by slaves to escape to freedom.

Tubman became known as “Moses” because of her ability to lead people out of slavery. She made around 13 missions back to Maryland and helped free more than 70 slaves during her time as a conductor on the Underground Railroad.

The Civil War

When the Civil War broke out in 1861, Tubman worked as a nurse and cook for Union forces. She also served as a spy for the Union army and provided valuable intelligence about Confederate troop movements.

After the war, Tubman continued her work as an activist for women’s suffrage and civil rights. She traveled around the country giving speeches about her experiences as a slave and as an abolitionist.


Harriet Tubman is an important figure in American history because of her bravery and determination in fighting against slavery. She risked her own life many times to help others escape from bondage, and she never stopped fighting for what she believed in.

In recent years, there have been efforts to honor Tubman’s legacy. In 2016, it was announced that her image would be placed on the $20 bill, making her the first woman and the first African American to be featured on U.S. currency.


Harriet Tubman is an inspiration to us all. Her story reminds us of the power of courage and determination in the face of adversity. She is a true hero in every sense of the word, and her place in American history is well-deserved.