Is It True That in Ancient Times There Was Already an Organized Police?

It’s a common belief that the concept of organized policing is a relatively modern development. However, historical evidence suggests that there were organized systems of policing in ancient societies, long before the modern era.

In ancient times, the concept of policing was closely linked with the maintenance of law and order in society. The first recorded instance of such an organized system dates back to ancient Egypt, where pharaohs appointed officials known as ‘scribes’ to maintain law and order. These scribes were responsible for enforcing laws, investigating crimes and maintaining public order.

Similarly, in ancient Greece, the city-states had an organized system of policing. The Greek word for police was ‘astynomoi’, which literally translates to ‘town-keepers’. The astynomoi were responsible for maintaining public safety and upholding the rule of law.

In ancient Rome, the concept of policing was even more developed. The Roman Empire had a complex system of law enforcement that included both military and civilian police forces.

Soldiers known as ‘vigiles’ were responsible for patrolling the streets at night to prevent crimes like arson and burglary. Meanwhile, civilian police forces known as ‘aediles’ were responsible for enforcing laws related to public morality and hygiene.

In China too, there is evidence of an organized system of policing dating back to ancient times. The Chinese empire had a complex system of law enforcement that included both military and civilian police forces.

Soldiers known as ‘baojia’ were responsible for patrolling the streets and preventing crimes like robbery and murder. Meanwhile, civilian police forces known as ‘liumenduan’ were responsible for enforcing laws related to public behavior.

So while it’s true that modern concepts of policing are relatively new developments, there is ample historical evidence to suggest that organized systems of law enforcement have existed since ancient times. These early systems may not have been as sophisticated or well-organized as modern ones, but they nonetheless played an important role in maintaining law and order in society.