Is Machu Picchu an Ancient Civilization?

When it comes to ancient civilizations, Machu Picchu is a name that often comes up. But is it really an ancient civilization? Let’s explore the history and significance of this breathtaking site.

What is Machu Picchu?

Machu Picchu is an Incan citadel located in the Andes Mountains of Peru. It was built in the 15th century but was abandoned just over 100 years later during the Spanish conquest. The site remained hidden from the outside world until 1911 when American explorer Hiram Bingham stumbled upon it.

Is Machu Picchu an Ancient Civilization?

The short answer is no, Machu Picchu is not an ancient civilization. It was built relatively recently compared to other well-known ancient civilizations like Egypt and Greece.

However, this doesn’t diminish its significance. Machu Picchu represents a remarkable feat of engineering and architecture. The stone structures were built without any mortar, yet have withstood earthquakes and other natural disasters for centuries.

The Importance of Machu Picchu

Machu Picchu has become a symbol of Incan civilization and a major tourist attraction in Peru. It was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983 and was named one of the New Seven Wonders of the World in 2007.

But beyond its cultural significance, Machu Picchu also holds scientific value. Researchers study the site to learn more about Incan culture and their advanced knowledge of agriculture, engineering, and astronomy.

Visit Machu Picchu

If you’re planning a trip to Peru, visiting Machu Picchu should be at the top of your list. You can take a train or hike along the Inca Trail to reach the site. Once there, you can explore the ruins and learn about its history through guided tours.


In conclusion, while Machu Picchu may not be an ancient civilization, it is undoubtedly a remarkable site with cultural and scientific significance. Its engineering and architectural achievements continue to fascinate visitors from around the world.