Is Spain an Ancient Civilization?

Spain is a country that has a rich history and culture. It is located in the southwestern part of Europe and is known for its stunning architecture, cuisine, beaches, and festivals. Many people wonder if Spain is an ancient civilization due to its long history and influence on the world.

Spain’s History

Spain’s history dates back to prehistoric times, with evidence of human presence dating back to around 35,000 BC. The Iberian Peninsula was inhabited by different tribes and cultures such as the Celts, Phoenicians, Greeks, Romans, Visigoths, Moors, and others who left their mark on the land.

The Roman Empire

One of the most significant influences on Spain was the Roman Empire. The Romans conquered Spain in 218 BC and left an indelible mark on Spanish culture. Many of Spain’s cities were founded by the Romans such as Seville (Hispalis), Zaragoza (Caesaraugusta), and Valencia (Valentia).

The Romans also introduced new architectural styles such as aqueducts, amphitheaters, and temples. The remains of these structures can still be seen in many places in Spain today.

The Moorish Invasion

In 711 AD, Muslim forces from North Africa invaded Spain and established the Umayyad Caliphate. This period marked a significant change in Spanish culture as Muslims brought with them new ideas in art, science, literature, and architecture.

The Moors built magnificent structures such as the Alhambra Palace in Granada and Mezquita Mosque-Cathedral in Cordoba that are still admired for their beauty today. They also introduced new crops like oranges and lemons that became staples of Spanish cuisine.

The Renaissance Era

During the Renaissance era (15th-16th centuries), Spain became a world power under the reign of King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella. They sponsored explorers like Christopher Columbus, who discovered America, and built magnificent buildings such as the Royal Palace of Madrid.

The Renaissance era also saw a revival of Spanish art and literature, with famous artists like Diego Velazquez and writers like Miguel de Cervantes leaving their mark on Spanish culture.


Spain’s history spans over many centuries and has been influenced by different cultures and civilizations. From the Romans to the Moors to the Renaissance era, Spain has seen many changes that have contributed to its rich culture today.

While Spain may not be considered an ancient civilization in the same way as Egypt or Greece, it has a long history that is worth exploring. Its architecture, art, literature, cuisine, and festivals are just some of the things that make Spain a unique country with a fascinating past.