Was Ancient Greece Before Ancient Rome?

Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome are two of the most fascinating civilizations in history. Their impact on the world is still felt today, from politics to art and culture.

But which came first – Ancient Greece or Ancient Rome? This is a question that has puzzled historians and scholars for centuries. In this article, we will explore the timeline of these two ancient civilizations and uncover the answer to this age-old question.

Ancient Greece

Ancient Greece is often referred to as the cradle of Western civilization. It was a collection of city-states that existed from around 800 BC to 146 BC.

The Greeks were known for their significant contributions in philosophy, mathematics, literature, and art. They were also famous for their Olympic Games, which were first held in 776 BC.

The Ancient Greeks developed a system of government known as democracy, where power was held by the people. This form of government would later influence other civilizations such as Rome.

Ancient Rome

Ancient Rome, on the other hand, was a powerful empire that existed from 753 BC to 476 AD. The Romans were known for their military conquests, engineering achievements such as roads and aqueducts, and their legal system.

The Roman Empire was initially ruled by kings until they overthrew them in 509 BC and established a republic which lasted until 27 BC when Julius Caesar became the first Roman Emperor.

So Which Came First?

Now that we have explored a brief history of both civilizations let’s answer the question at hand – Was Ancient Greece before Ancient Rome?

The answer is yes; Ancient Greece came before Ancient Rome. The Greeks established their civilization around 800 BC while Rome did not become a significant power until around 509 BC when they overthrew their monarchy.

It’s important to note that although Greek civilization preceded Roman civilization, there was significant cultural exchange between the two civilizations. The Romans were heavily influenced by Greek culture, adopting many of their gods and goddesses and incorporating elements of Greek art into their own.


In conclusion, Ancient Greece came before Ancient Rome. While both civilizations have left their marks on history, the Greeks laid the foundation for Western civilization with their contributions in philosophy, mathematics, literature, and art. The Romans expanded upon this legacy with their military conquests and engineering achievements.

Understanding the timeline of these two ancient civilizations is crucial to understanding how they influenced each other and shaped the world as we know it today.