Was Ancient Greece Part of Rome?

Was Ancient Greece Part of Rome?

Ancient Greece and Rome are two distinct civilizations that have greatly influenced the world. While they share similarities in terms of culture, art, and philosophy, they were separate entities with unique histories.

It is incorrect to say that Ancient Greece was part of Rome. Let’s explore the relationship between these two ancient civilizations.

The Birth of Ancient Greece

Ancient Greece dates back to the 8th century BCE when city-states like Athens, Sparta, and Corinth were established. Greece was known for its democratic government, advancements in mathematics and science, and remarkable literature and theater.

The Rise of Rome

Rome, on the other hand, started as a small village on the banks of the Tiber River around 753 BCE. Over time, it grew into a powerful republic and later an empire that encompassed vast territories across Europe, Africa, and Asia.

Greek Influence on Rome

Although Ancient Greece was not part of Rome, there is no denying the immense influence that Greek culture had on Roman society. The Romans admired Greek art and architecture and often imitated their styles. Greek sculptures and pottery were highly sought after by wealthy Romans.

Greek Philosophy

  • The philosophical ideas developed by Greek thinkers such as Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle greatly influenced Roman intellectuals.
  • Roman philosophers like Seneca and Marcus Aurelius drew inspiration from their Greek counterparts.


  • Roman poets like Virgil modeled their works after famous Greek epics like Homer’s Iliad and Odyssey.
  • The Roman playwrights, such as Plautus and Terence, borrowed heavily from Greek comedies and tragedies.

Conquest of Greece by Rome

In the 2nd century BCE, Rome began expanding its territories, which eventually led to the conquest of Greece. The Romans defeated the Greeks in several military conflicts, including the Macedonian Wars.

Hellenistic Period

After conquering Greece, Rome entered a period known as Hellenistic influence. This era saw a fusion of Greek and Roman cultures. Many Greek cities became Roman provinces but retained their distinct identities.

The Province of Achaea

Achaea was one of the most prominent provinces in Greece during Roman rule. It included cities like Athens, Corinth, and Sparta. The Romans incorporated elements of Greek culture into their daily lives while also imposing their own laws and governance.

The Influence of Greek Language

Greek continued to be widely spoken in these regions even during Roman rule. The New Testament of the Bible was written in Greek, reflecting the linguistic influence of ancient Greece.


In summary, Ancient Greece was not part of Rome but exerted a profound influence on Roman civilization. While Rome conquered and incorporated parts of Greece into its empire, both civilizations had their own distinct histories and contributions to art, philosophy, and literature.

Understanding the relationship between Ancient Greece and Rome is crucial in grasping the rich tapestry of Western civilization that we enjoy today.