Was Ancient Greece Stone Age?

Was Ancient Greece Stone Age?

Ancient Greece is often associated with magnificent marble temples, ornate sculptures, and advanced philosophy. But was it always this way? In this article, we will explore the early history of ancient Greece and determine if it can be considered a Stone Age civilization.

The Stone Age

The Stone Age is a prehistoric period characterized by the use of stone tools. It is divided into three main periods: the Paleolithic, Mesolithic, and Neolithic. During these times, humans relied on stone implements for hunting, gathering, and constructing shelters.

Ancient Greece in the Paleolithic Era

In the Paleolithic era, which spanned from around 2.6 million years ago to 10,000 years ago, humans were nomadic hunter-gatherers. They did not have permanent settlements or sophisticated tools. Instead, they used simple stone tools like hand axes and scrapers.

  • Stone Tools: The Paleolithic Greeks primarily used flint to create their tools. These tools were essential for survival in their harsh environments.
  • Cave Art: While evidence of cave art has been found in other parts of the world during this time period, there isn’t any known cave art from ancient Greece.

Ancient Greece in the Mesolithic Era

The Mesolithic era followed the Paleolithic era and lasted from around 10,000 to 8,000 BCE. During this time period, humans began to transition from a nomadic lifestyle to a more settled one.

  • Sedentary Lifestyle: Some evidence suggests that early Greeks started to settle down in small communities near water sources. They began to rely more on fishing and gathering rather than hunting.
  • Improved Tools: Stone tools became smaller and more refined during this era. Greeks started using microliths, tiny stone flakes that could be inserted into wooden handles to create more efficient tools.

Ancient Greece in the Neolithic Era

The Neolithic era, which occurred from around 8,000 to 2,300 BCE, marked a significant shift in human civilization. It was during this time that agriculture and animal domestication emerged.

  • Agriculture: Neolithic Greeks began cultivating crops such as wheat, barley, and legumes. This transition from a hunter-gatherer lifestyle to an agrarian one allowed for the growth of permanent settlements.
  • Pottery: Pottery production also emerged during this time period. The development of pottery was a crucial step in storing and preserving food.


Ancient Greece cannot be considered a Stone Age civilization as it existed beyond the Paleolithic era. While early Greeks did use stone tools during the Paleolithic and Mesolithic eras, they eventually progressed to more advanced practices such as agriculture and pottery-making during the Neolithic era.

Ancient Greece’s contributions to art, architecture, philosophy, and democracy have left an indelible mark on human history. By understanding its early history, we can appreciate the progression from a Stone Age society to one that laid the foundation for Western civilization as we know it today.