Was Ancient Greece Warm or Cold?

Did you know that the climate of ancient Greece is a topic of debate among historians and scientists? The Mediterranean country is known for its sunny beaches and warm weather, but was it always like this? Let’s dive into the research and try to answer the question – Was ancient Greece warm or cold?

Geographical Location

One of the factors that determine the climate of a region is its geographical location. Ancient Greece was located in southeastern Europe, bordered by the Aegean Sea to the east, Ionian Sea to the west, and Mediterranean Sea to the south. This location made it susceptible to different weather patterns and temperatures.

Temperatures in Southern Greece

Southern Greece, which includes cities like Athens and Sparta, has a Mediterranean climate. This means that summers are hot and dry while winters are mild and wet. During summers, temperatures can rise up to 35°C (95°F), while in winters they rarely drop below 0°C (32°F).

Temperatures in Northern Greece

Northern Greece, which includes cities like Thessaloniki, has a temperate climate. This means that summers are cooler than southern Greece while winters are colder. During summers, temperatures rarely cross 30°C (86°F), while in winters they can drop down to -10°C (14°F).

Ancient Climate Patterns

While we know how Greece’s climate is today, what about during ancient times? Unfortunately, there are no accurate records of temperature or rainfall from ancient times. However, researchers have used different methods to understand how it may have been.

Fossil Evidence

Fossils found in different parts of Greece suggest that the country had a subtropical climate during ancient times. Subtropical climates have long hot summers with high humidity levels as well as mild winters. These fossils include plants like palms, which do not grow in Greece’s current climate.

Historical Accounts

Historical accounts from ancient Greece also suggest that the country had a warmer climate than what it currently has. Writers like Aristotle and Homer described a landscape with mild winters and hot summers, similar to other subtropical regions.


Based on the evidence, it’s safe to say that ancient Greece had a subtropical climate with long hot summers and mild winters. However, it’s important to note that the climate has changed over time due to natural causes and human activities. Today, Greece experiences a Mediterranean climate in its southern regions and temperate climate in its northern parts.

In conclusion, understanding the climate of ancient Greece helps us understand how people lived during that time period. It also shows us how our planet has changed over time and highlights the importance of taking care of our environment for future generations.