Was There Science in Ancient Times?

Science is an ever-evolving field that has been studied throughout history. While we often associate science with modern times, ancient civilizations also had an understanding of the natural world and made significant contributions to scientific knowledge. In this article, we will explore the question – was there science in ancient times?

Early Civilizations and their Contributions

Some of the earliest civilizations like the Egyptians, Babylonians, and Greeks made significant contributions to fields such as mathematics, astronomy, and medicine. The Egyptians developed a system of hieroglyphics that included numerical symbols and used mathematics for surveying land and building structures.

The Babylonians were known for their knowledge of astronomy and accurately predicted eclipses using geometric calculations. The Greeks developed philosophical theories about the natural world, which formed the basis of modern science.

Ancient India’s Contributions to Science

Ancient India was also a hub for scientific advancements. Indian scientists made important discoveries in fields like mathematics, astronomy, and medicine.

Aryabhata was an Indian mathematician who developed trigonometry as well as made significant contributions to algebra. Sushruta was an Indian physician who is credited with performing surgeries such as rhinoplasty (nose surgery) over 2000 years ago.

Chinese Contributions to Science

The Chinese were pioneers in several fields such as metallurgy, agriculture, and medicine. They developed complex irrigation systems for farming and invented gunpowder around 1000 AD. Chinese scientists also made important discoveries in astronomy such as accurately predicting solar eclipses.

Scientific Methodology in Ancient Times

While ancient civilizations did not have access to modern technology or equipment, they still used systematic methods to study the natural world around them. For example, Aristotle’s work on classification laid the groundwork for modern taxonomy while Galen’s work in anatomy formed the basis of medical knowledge for centuries.


In conclusion, science has been studied and understood throughout history, with ancient civilizations making significant contributions to our understanding of the natural world. While modern technology has allowed us to make tremendous advancements in scientific knowledge, it is important to acknowledge the contributions made by our ancestors and build upon their work. So, it is clear that science existed in ancient times and can be credited with shaping modern science as we know it today.