Were There Apples in Ancient Greece?

Apples have been a popular fruit for centuries, with their sweet and crisp taste making them a favorite among many. But were apples present in ancient Greece Let’s dive into the history books to find out.

The Origin of Apples

Apples have been cultivated for thousands of years, with their origin believed to be in Central Asia. From there, they spread to other parts of the world through trade and migration. The ancient Greeks were known for their knowledge of horticulture and agriculture, but did they cultivate apples

Apples in Ancient Greek Mythology

Although there is no clear evidence that apples were cultivated in ancient Greece, they do appear in Greek mythology. In the story of the Trojan War, Paris was tasked with choosing the most beautiful goddess between Athena, Hera, and Aphrodite.

He chose Aphrodite after she promised him the most beautiful woman in the world as his wife. As a reward, she gave him a golden apple inscribed with “to the fairest.” This sparked a rivalry between the three goddesses that eventually led to the Trojan War.

Other Fruits in Ancient Greece

While there is no direct evidence of apple cultivation in ancient Greece, other fruits were commonly grown and consumed during that time. Figs were one such fruit that was highly valued by the ancient Greeks and were often used as a sweetener.

Grapes were also popular and used not only for eating but also for making wine. Olives were another important crop that served as a source of oil for cooking and lighting lamps.

The Pomegranate Connection

One fruit that has been linked to apples is the pomegranate. In Greek mythology, Persephone was kidnapped by Hades and taken to the underworld.

She was allowed to return to the world of the living for six months each year, during which time she would bring with her the fruit of the pomegranate. This story has led some to speculate that the “forbidden fruit” eaten by Adam and Eve in the Bible may have actually been a pomegranate rather than an apple.


While there is no concrete evidence to suggest that apples were cultivated in ancient Greece, they do appear in Greek mythology and were likely known to the ancient Greeks. Other fruits such as figs, grapes, and olives were more commonly grown and consumed during that time. Regardless of their presence or absence in ancient Greece, apples remain a beloved fruit today and are enjoyed all over the world.


  • https://www.history.com/topics/folklore/history-of-apples
  • https://www.greekmythology.com/Myths/The_Myths/The_Judgment_of_Paris/the_judgment_of_paris.html
  • https://www.ancient.eu/Greek_Food/
  • https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/search=Genesis%203&version=NIV